backward

backward
1. n поэт. прошлое

the dark backward and abysm of time — туманное прошлое

2. a обратный

backward flow — противоток

backward linked list — обратный цепной список

backward read — чтение в обратном направлении

backward eccentric — эксцентрик обратного хода

backward gain — усиление в обратном направлении

backward error analysis — обратный анализ ошибок

3. a отсталый

backward children — умственно или физически отсталые дети

backward country — отсталая страна

backward system — отсталая система

backward state — отсталое состояние

economic backward — экономически отсталый

economically backward — отсталый в экономическом отношении

4. a поздний; запоздалый

backward autumn — запоздалая осень

5. a медлящий, мешкающий; делающий неохотно

he is backward in giving his views — он неохотно высказывает своё мнение

6. a робкий, застенчивый

backward lover — нерешительный влюблённый

7. adv назад

to look backward — смотреть назад

to fall backward — упасть навзничь

to cast a light backward — отражать свет

backward kick — мах назад

step backward — шаг назад

swing backward — мах назад

turn backward — спад назад

backward tilt — завал назад

8. adv в обратном направлении

he knew his lesson backward and forward — он знал урок назубок

backward hang — вис сзади

backward wave — обратная волна

backward thrust — обратная тяга

backward drive — обратный проход

backward channel — обратный канал

9. adv наоборот, задом наперёд

to walk backward — пятиться

to say the alphabet backward — называть буквы алфавита в обратном порядке

grand circle backward — большой оборот назад

slow circle backward — медленный оборот назад

hock swing backward — оборот назад на подколенках

seat circle backward — оборот назад в упоре сзади

stride circle backward — оборот в упоре верхом назад

10. adv превратно, извращённо, искажённо; ошибочно
11. adv к худшему

affairs are going backward — дела идут всё хуже

free hip circle backward — оборот назад в упоре без рук

Синонимический ряд:
1. delayed (adj.) delayed; late; tardy
2. deprived (adj.) depressed; deprived; disadvantaged; impoverished; underprivileged
3. disinclined (adj.) afraid; averse; disinclined; indisposed; reluctant; uneager; unwilling; unwishful
4. inverted (adj.) counterclockwise; inside-out; inverted; returning; reversed; topsy-turvy; upside-down
5. retarded (adj.) dim-witted; dull; feebleminded; half-witted; imbecile; moronic; quarter-witted; retarded; simple; simpleminded; slow-witted
6. retrograde (adj.) retral; retrograde; retrogressive
7. shy (adj.) bashful; coy; demure; diffident; hesitant; loath; modest; rabbity; retiring; self-effacing; shy; timid; unassertive; unassured; wavering
8. slow (adj.) behind; behindhand; benighted; dense; ignorant; lagging; primitive; reactionary; slow; stupid; underdeveloped; undeveloped; unenlightened; unprogressive
9. about (other) about; again; around; in reverse; round; round about
10. back (other) back; rearwards
11. rearward (other) aback; back foremost; behind; rearward; to the rear
12. regressively (other) backwards; regressively; retrograde; retrogressively
Антонимический ряд:
developed; precocious; right

English-Russian base dictionary . 2014.

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Смотреть что такое "backward" в других словарях:

  • backward — backward, retrograde, retrogressive, regressive all involve the idea of not moving or going ahead, or forward, or in advance. Only when applied to motion or a movement does backward imply the reverse of forward motion {a backward thrust of a… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • backward — backward, backwards 1. For the adverb, both forms are in use, although backward is somewhat more common in AmE and backwards in BrE: • Talk ran backward from the events of the morning A. Munro, CanE 1987 • I walked backward to look at her in the… …   Modern English usage

  • Backward — Back ward, a. 1. Directed to the back or rear; as, backward glances. [1913 Webster] 2. Unwilling; averse; reluctant; hesitating; loath. [1913 Webster] For wiser brutes were backward to be slaves. Pope. [1913 Webster] 3. Not well advanced in… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Backward — Back ward, Backwards Back wards, adv. [Back, adv. + ward.] 1. With the back in advance or foremost; as, to ride backward. [1913 Webster] 2. Toward the back; toward the rear; as, to throw the arms backward. [1913 Webster] 3. On the back, or with… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • backward — [adj1] toward the rear astern, behind, inverted, rearward, regressive, retrograde; concept 581 Ant. ahead, forward, to the front backward [adj2] bashful afraid, averse, demure, diffident, disinclined, hesitant, hesitating, humble, indisposed,… …   New thesaurus

  • backward — [bak′wərd] adv. [ME bakward, for abakward < abak (< OE on bæc, back) + ward (< OE weard, toward)] 1. toward the back or rear; behind 2. with the back or rear foremost 3. in reverse [to spell a word backward] 4. in a way contrary to the… …   English World dictionary

  • backward — (adv.) c.1300, from abakward, from O.E. on bæc (see BACK (Cf. back) (adv.)) + weard adj./adv. suffix (see WARD (Cf. ward)). O.E. had the adverb bæcling. As an adjective, from 1550s. Meaning behindhand with regard to progress is first attested… …   Etymology dictionary

  • backward — ► ADJECTIVE 1) directed behind or to the rear. 2) having made less progress than is normal or expected. ● not backward in Cf. ↑not backward in DERIVATIVES backwardly adverb backwardness noun …   English terms dictionary

  • Backward — Back ward, n. The state behind or past. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] In the dark backward and abysm of time. Shak. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Backward — Back ward, v. t. To keep back; to hinder. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • backward — I adjective arrested, behindhand, belated, dallying, defected, delayed, delaying, dilatory, impeded, late, mentally deficient, overdue, procrastinating, regressive, retarded, retroactive, retrograde, reversed, slow, subnormal, tardy, untimely II… …   Law dictionary


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